holding action at leubnitz (august 28, 1813)
A "programmed wargames scenario" ADAPTED for divisional napoleon's battles


This fictional combat is an adaptation of the Scenario No.4 of the C.S. Grant's book "Programmed Wargames  Scenarios" (Wargames Research Group, Goring-by-Sea, England, 1983).
"The date is August 28, 1813. The Army of Bohemia has been routed at Dresden by Napoleon himself and the Allied Sovereigns have decided that retreat into Bohemia is the better option. The Prussian Klux’s 9th Brigade (Kleist’s 2nd Prussian Corps) has been ordered by Wittgenstein to act as rearguard and cover the Army’s retreat through the mountains. Urged by Napoleon himself, the Maréchal Gouvion Saint-Cyr is pursuing the Allied with his XIV Corps and finally his 43me Division has caught the retreating Prussians deployed near Leubnitz on the road towards Kulm".
The Scenario is loosely based upon this action and is intended for Divisional Napoleon’s Battles (NBd). The French and Prussian orders of battle were adapted from the Nafziger's book 'Napoleon at Dresden. The Battles of August 1813'. Oliver Schmidt from the Napoleon-Series Forum and Herbert from the Benno's Figures Forum, kindly provided for the names of the Prussian Regimental officers of the Klux's Brigade.


NBd Scenario for Leubnitz (pdf file)
The real Leubnitz (taken from the Alison's Atlas)   Game map
The Prussian line of retreat The French arrival road High ground at Prussian left


The deployment and subsequent actions from both sides, are strongly depending from the die rolls proposed by the Scenarios's designer.
Prussian delaying force (Klux's 9th Brigade)
Its mission is “to cause the enemy the maximum delay without taking unacceptable losses”, higher than 30%. The Force (including Light Infantry elements) must be deployed behind the line marked in the map. It will be divided into a Main body (90%) deployed at both sides of the main road occupying the high ground if necessary, and a Reserve (10%, 26 figures, i.e. one battalion). One infantry unit must be deployed in the village. The defence will be static on the single narrow front across the pass. A breakthrough by 2 or more French units will be followed up by the pursuit by the Prussians, off the table, using his nearest cavalry unit. General  retreat will be ordered when casualties reach 22.5%.
French pursuing force (Claparede's 43me Division)
Its mission is “to break through the Prussian forces as quickly as possible and continue the advance on the route heading south-east”. The force is divided into four task-forces:
Advance guard: 14th Hussars, 3/29me Legere,  2/100me Ligne, 1/2 Horse Artillery Battery
Left flank guard: 2 Italian Chasseurs-a-Cheval, 3/27me Legere (Enters one turn after Advance guard)
Right flank guard: 7me (Polish) Chevaux Legeres-Lanciers, 2/27me LigneL/1 (Same turn than the Advance guard)
Main-body: Claparede, St-Cyr and the rest of the 43me Division (Three turns after Advance guard )
The Claparede’s battle plan is: The advance guard will attack quickly straight down the main route hoping to break through the centre orders are: The Main force will advance rapid1y, in support of the advance guard. If the later has made little progress then the line of attack will be directly up the road. Any isolated Prussian position or strong point will be to bypassed and any single French unit will take the opportunity to break through should it appear. 
All die rolls were made with an ad-hoc EXCEL spreadsheet as outlined in the Utilities for Napoleon's Battles page.

From the book ”Programmed Wargames Scenarios”: The criteria for victory in this scenario are complex and a draw or more precisely failure by both sides is possible. The first point is "what is maximum delay"? A time limit must be set after which Blue (the Prussians) will have caused that delay. He may of course achieve the delay but lose unacceptable casualties. In this case Red (the French) will not have broken through, Blue (the Prussians) will have sacrificed too much for the delay and will not have won. On the other hand Red (the French)may have broken through but with little of his army left to continue or he may have taken too long to achieve his breakthrough. In short the balance between victory and defeat is a fine one and it must be left to the player, players or umpire to be the final arbiter when all the factors are considered.

St-Cyr attacked the Prussian rearguard with his habitual indecision and only after urged by Napoleon himself. The Prussians were able at last to continue their retreat and St-Cyr was recalled by Berthier and addressed to other point. The Klux’s brigade will arrive at the French rear area during the second day of the battle of Kulm, thus decisively contributing to the French rout (See the Kulm Scenario).

Nafziger G. ‘'Napoleon at Dresden. The Battles of August 1813”, The Emperor Press, Chicago, 1994
The Napoleon-Series Forum
The Benno's Figures Forum



Scenarios for NB