hanau (october 24, 1813)

Believing the French Grande Armee fully routed after the Leipzig disaster, the Bavarian General Wrede attemtpted to cut its retreat to France, only to be crushed by Napoleon in person.

The order of battle (OOB) is based on the book of George Nafziger 'NAPOLEON AT LEIPZIG. THE BATTLE OF NATIONS' (Chicago, Emperor's Press 1997)
The second edition of Napoleon's Battles edited by Five Forks has been used with some modifications:
1) The cavalry scale is also 1/120
2) To display small cavalry groups (regiments), units of cavalry from 480 men upwards are allowed,
3) Units of infantry with less than four elements are allowed to display under-strenght French light infantry or Russian jager units.
4) Routed units can try to rally without an attached general with an additional '-3' modifier.
5) The attempts to avoid routs and/or dispersal (14.2.1) can be made without an attached general. The attempt to avoid the dispersal requires a previous rout movement.


Hanau pdf file
Old map Game map  
The battlefield
The Bulau Forest at foreground with Lehrdof i and Hanau at distance Neuhof farm, the Lamboy Forest and the Kinzig stream  Hanau and the Fasanerie with the Main River at foreground
Allied deployment
The Allied far right with the Bavarian Center of the main Allied line with the Jaegers in the woods in brigade-skirmish order The massed Allied cavalry at the left behind the artillery The Cossacks scouting at the Allied far left.
French deployment
The Victor's provisional Corps advancing through the woods at the French left The MacDonald's provisional command advances against the Allied center Schematic view of battlefield at 9.00 h

Fictional Scenario (or Wrede is right)
The Bavarian General Wrede wrongly estimated the French forces at 20,000 men as a maximum (including the three arms). To take into account his error, the French Corps have a basic and an additional strength (highlighted in yellow in the OOB). Whereas the basic units always exist and arrive to the battlefield, the additional ones may exist or not depending on a die roll. For each additional unit throw 1D10. If the roll is equal or lesser than the modified Response Number of the Corps General, the unit exists. If the roll is greater the unit does not exist and can not be used. The modifiers are: “+2” for Excellent, “+1” for Good and “-1” for Poor Generals.

FRENCH CORPS Basic strength Additional strength Modified Response Number
Imperial Guard 4320 1920 8
Artillery 3F +1H 1F-1F-1H 8 ; 8; 8
Cavalry Guard 2880 960 8
2nd Cavalry Corps 1800 1200 7
Artillery  1H    
XI-XV MacDonald 3840 1920+1920 6 ; 6
II Victor 1920 1920 6
Cavalry II 360    
III-VI-VII Marmont 3840 1920+1920 8 ; 8
V Bertrand 0 2400 6
Red units actually arrived in this re-play

Free Arrival point
In this variant the French forces are out of control and can enter the table through three possible end-roads D3, D4, D5, according to its composition. When the force arrives roll a 1D10:
Cavalry: 1-2 D2; 3-6 D4; 7-10 D5
Artillery: 1 D2 ; 2-5 D4; 6-10 D5
 Infantry: 1-3 D2; 4-8 D4; 9-10 D5 This variant can be used in combination with the previous one.


9.00-10.00 h. Macdonald advances by the right bank of the Kinzig stream
The Grenzers are routed The Austrian Jaegers and the Light Bavarians resist Bavarian Light attack and rout the French The jaegers retire faced by the French
Victor outflanks the Bavarian Light that retire The Victor's Wesphalian cavalry routs the Bavarian, and failing 'recall' attack the Jaegers which, taken by surprise in skirmish-brigade order, are routed. However, the Wesphalian cavalry is dispersed (two winner losses are enough!)
11.00 - 12.30 h. The cavalry arrives at the French right and attempt to advance towards Hanau
French cavalry, Light, Young Guard and Light Guard, arrive thorough the woods Band is rejected by the Light infantry Bavarians The French cavalry deploys at the right
12.00 -14.00 h. Victor and MacDonald advance through the woods
Macdonald exits the woods and is rejected by the Bavarian infantry A general view of the French left-center In the left flank, Victor routs the Bavarian line infantry
 Austrians pass to the first line Victor routs the Austrians; the French left at 14.00 h.


Scenarios for NB