The color of horses depends on the type of unit:
Heavy cavalry (dragoons, cuirassiers...) usually had a greater percentage of dark horses, whereas the light coloured ones were reserved for light cavalry (chasseurs, hussars...). Therefore, I use the following approximate percentages, as a function of the type of cavalry unit:
Heavy cavalry horses: 60% reddish; 30% light brown; 10% dark brown
Light cavalry horses: 30% reddish; 60% light brown; 10% dark brown
Light grey horses are reserved for trumpeters and additionally I paint also some odd horses: light grey, dark grey or blacks to increasing the variation.
After filing the minatures to elliminate molding lines, etc.. I primed in black, with Citadel Black Chaos or with matt black car paint. Then I follow a three steps painting method: Base color/First light/Second light, using Spanish Vallejo acrylics paints. See below the schemes (Idem means to the same mix with a greater proportion uf the lighter color).
814 Burnt cad. Red + 950 Black / 814 Burnt cad. Red + 982 Cavalry Brown / Idem
Light Brown Horse
875 Beige Brown / 875 Beige Brown + 981 Orange Brown / 875 Beige Brown + 981 Orange brown + 955 Flat Flesh
Dark Brown Horse 872 Chocolat Brown + 950 Black / 872 Chocolat Brown + 875 Beige brown / Idem
Light Grey Horse (Trumpeter) 992 Neutral grey / 991 neutral grey + 990 Light Grey / Idem Dark Grey Horse 994 Dark Grey / 004 Dark Grey + 992 Neutral grey / Idem
Black Horse 950 Black / 950 Black + 975 Hull red / Idem / Idem (some additional higlights can be required)
After finish, I paint a generous layer of white glue to varnish and protect the miniatures for use.
See below some pictures of the system in action for the French Chevau-Légers de la ligne.
|1||The horse are glued on wood sticks|
|2||Horses after priming|
|3||Ditto for riders|
|4||Horses after application of base colors|
|6||Riders mounted after second light|
I have used this technique for all the cavalry units listed in the Conversions page.