vitoria. the north flank (june 21,1813)
The scenario for napoleon's battles

Wellington and his Allied armies (British, Portuguese and Spanish) advanced from the Portuguese border into the North East of Spain, forcing the forces of King Joseph towards the French border. At 21st June 1813, the French Armies of Portugal, South and Centre were concentrated around Vitoria. Wellington planned a three pincers attack, and a column commanded by Graham was senT to turn the French left and cut their main retreat line towards France. That zone was under the responsibility of Reille and his under-strength Armée de Portugal defending the line of River Zadorra and the bridges leading to Vitoria.
The Order Of Battle is based on:
       - Sarramon, J. ‘La bataille de Vitoria. La fin de l’aventure napoléonienne en Espagne’. J.C. Bailly Editeur, 1985
        - Oman, ‘A History of the Peninsular War. Vol. VI', Greenhill Books, 2005
        - Gómez de Arteche y Moro, J. ”Guerra de la Independencia. Tomo XIII Historia Militar de España de 1808 a 1814. Vitoria, San Sebastián, San Marcial “, Ed. José Luis Arcón Domínguez 2001
       -  OOB's provided by George Nafziger

The second edition of Napoleon's Battles edited by Five Forks has been used (including all the optional rules) with some slight modifications fully explained in the Vitoria. North pdf file and in the House-Rules section:
1) The cavalry scale is also 1/120. To avoid distortions, 2 figures were removed for each 3 casualties.
2) Units of  cavalry from 480 men upwards are allowed and units of infantry with less than four elements are also allowed to display under-strength infantry units.
3) Routed units can try to rally without an attached general with an additional '-3' modifier.
4) Divisional batteries are used (with a -1 modifier). The infantry fire is carried out as usual, but the resulting losses are not marked on the target unit, but are only used to cause disorder.
5) C-i-C ratings. Do not use “10” as Response number of the C-i-C’s but use the values assigned to them as Corps Commanders.
6) Some independent Brigade Generals were used to take into account their semi-independent grand tactical role (See Scenario file)


Vitoria North pdf file
Old map Google Earth view Heigths map Game map
The battlefield


The Graham column The outflanking Spanish Reille awating the Allied assault Spanish 'Josefinos' defending Durana

Historical deployment
The Scenario map shows the situation around noon (13.00 h) of June 21, when Graham started his advance and Reille decided to retire from Aranguiz. All forces, except the Spanish Royal Garde (see 3.3) are on the table.
The Graham’s fears
Graham and Wellington believed that the Armée du Portugal had more than 2 divisions, but the night before the battle the Maucune’s 5me Division of l’Armée du Portugal was sent towards Bayonne. In this variant that Division is used and placed in reserve around Vitoria. It can be called by sending a messenger (Reille must be in command). One turn later, the Division can start to roll for arrival (OR 13.8.2.) and will enter deployed at D4
In this variant the Spanish forces of Girón (Bárcena Division) can be also used. They can start to roll for arrival (OR 13.8.2) from 18.00 onwards, and will enter deployed at A1.
The good option for french deployment
Reille can deploy his units in any way he prefer in order to cover the main crossings. The Maucune, Royal Guard and Barcena can be used as above.
The Joseph´s Garde Royal
The Garde Royal of King Jospeh was maintained as a last reserve around Vitoria. In spite of Joseph’s reluctance to use it during the battle, the Royal Guard units could be used by following this procedure:
(1) Reille must to pass a command control test to send a messenger.
(2) Two turns after leaving the table, the messenger finds Joseph
(3) Joseph must pass a ‘virtual’ command test (he is a P(4)+0 general)
(4) The following turn after Joseph pass the test, the Optional rule for Varying Time Arrivals can be start to be separately applied to both Garde brigades. They enter deployed at D4
British (and French) independent brigade commanders
The commanders of British cavalry and Portuguese independent brigades were frequently used in a semi-independent tactical way so they are taken into account and shown in the tabletop. The French also can deploy four brigade generals to carry out semi-independent missions beyond the control radius of their Division commanders.
All these Brigade generals must remain continuously attached to their brigades, so their command radius is not printed in the labels (nor counted in the points value of the Army). Their corresponding labels can be glued on an individual General figure or on the command base of the affected unit, as preferred.

The objectives are the five bridges spanning the Zadorra. Their relative importance in percentage of victory points is: Durana (50%) – Gamarra (20%) – Arriaga (15%) – Yurre (10%) – Gobeo (5%). The total number of objective points is 150 (NB1) or 60 (NB2) and the multiplier is 1 given the near equality in points of both sides. All Objectives are French controlled at the start of game.


Scenarios for NB